They are cytokines secreted by adipose tissue considered to be immunomodulating agents, however they can be more accurately put into the larger, growing list of adipose-derived hormones.
- Interleukin-6 (IL-6)
- Monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1)
- Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1)
- Retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4)
- Tumor necrosis factor – Alpha (TNFα)