Anodic Oxidation of Titanium in Sulphuric Acid and Phosphoric Acid Electrolytes

Anodisation of pure titanium has been carried out in sulphuric and in phosphoric acid solutions at potentials ranging from 50 to 150V. The SEM and AFM morphological analysis indicates that, within this potential range, oxidation in sulphuric acid solution produces better developed mesoporous oxide layers. XPS analysis of the Ti2p core level region and Raman spectroscopy measurements show that oxide layers grown in sulphuric acid are characterised by a better defined oxidation state of titanium and by a higher content in anatase crystalline phase. XPS measurements indicate that oxidation in phosphoric acid solution produces oxide layers with two components of stoichiometric oxide and with the presence of phosphate inclusions which can be interesting in view of biomedical applications.

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