Parenteral Nutrition Utilization in Bone Marrow Transplant Recipients

Bone marrow transplant (BMT) recipients often require parenteral nutrition (PN) to meet their nutrient needs. While general guidelines for the provision of PN support by nutrition support teams (NSTs) have been shown to decrease inappropriate PN use, recommendations for nutrition in BMT recipients are lacking. We reviewed the charts of patients status post BMT on PN to determine whether institutional guidelines for PN initiation and continuous supervision of NSTs could be applied in this population. With the Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval, charts of adult BMT recipients on PN between June 14, 2006 and June 30, 2007 were examined. Sixty-nine charts were reviewed. Indications for initiation of PN included severe mucositis, graft versus host disease (GVHD), and other transplant related side effects resulting in poor oral intake. Among 69 patients, 37 (54%) had severe mucositis, 12 (17%) had GVHD, 2 (3%) had both mucositis and GVHD, and 18 (26%) had other side effects. It was determined that all patients met the criteria for initiation of PN support, as outlined in the guidelines form. Comprehensive guidelines for initiating PN support, developed by NSTs can also be used for BMT recipients in order to optimize their nutritional status.
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