Fire has long been a major hazard in our lives. From the fire protection engineering point of view, most fire hazards could be controlled when we consider all contribution factors, such as ignitability, flame spread, materials flammability, and fire suppression. According to the 2011 statistics data from the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), 35% of the fires that occurred in the US were structure fires, of which 84% were homes and most of the people died due to inhalation of smoke. Polymeric materials have been used almost everywhere in buildings, manufacturing, housing, and vehicles but most of these materials are highly combustible and produce toxic fumes on burning.
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